Compliance Countdown

Within 6 Months

 September 30, 2022
Europe: Urban VTOL Air Taxis

The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) has published proposed rules for the operation of vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) air taxi aircraft in cities. The notice of proposed amendment (NPA) puts forward the establishment of a comprehensive regulatory framework to address general public concerns and the expectations of EU citizens with respect to VTOL safety, security, privacy, environment, and noise. Comments on the NPA are due Sept. 30, 2022.

 October 4, 2022
U.S.: Drug Testing Documents

The U.S. DOT is requesting public comment on how its regulations for conducting workplace drug and alcohol testing of those working in the transportation industry could be amended to allow the use of electronic signatures on documents, the use of electronic versions of forms, and to electronically store forms and data. The regulatory changes would apply to DOT-regulated employers, including those in aviation and their contractors, who administer drug and alcohol testing programs. Currently, employers and their service agents must use, sign and store paper documents exclusively, unless the employer is utilizing a laboratory’s electronic Federal Drug Testing Custody and Control Form (electronic CCF) system. Comments are due by Oct. 4, 2022.

 October 6, 2022
Europe: Regular Update to CS-25

On a regular basis, EASA makes amendments updating regulations to reflect the state of the art in technology. This notice of amendment (NPA) proposes to make updates to CS-25 large airplane certification standards in the following areas: ditching survivability; installed systems and equipment in the cockpit; performance and handling characteristics in icing conditions; brakes and braking systems certification tests and analysis; installed oxygen equipment and supply; air conditioning OFF maximum time period; and cabin crew portable oxygen equipment. Comments on the NPA are due Oct. 6, 2022.

 October 11, 2022
Europe: Rotorcraft Health Monitoring

This Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) will enable the use of vibration health monitoring (VHM) systems to be a more integral part of the continued airworthiness regime of Part 29 large rotorcraft. The NPA will also ensure that better and updated guidance is provided for the design as well as the routine and effective in-service use of these systems. This will allow VHM systems to aid in reducing the risk for errors or oversights in the maintenance of rotor and rotor drive units. “Current acceptable means of compliance are not sufficient to ensure that VHM systems can be used to optimize maintenance interventions for certain rotorcraft,” EASA said. Comments are due by Oct. 11, 2022.

 October 25, 2022
Europe: Icing Contamination

Large airplanes certificated under EASA CS-25 are the subject of a notice of proposed amendment (NPA) intended to mitigate the risks of incidents and accidents caused by airframe ground icing contamination or inadequate de-icing/anti-icing operations. The certification specifications for large airplanes would be amended in the following areas: design requirements for take-off with a determined level of contamination of the aerodynamic surfaces; and criteria for the testing and selection of de-icing/anti-icing fluids. This NPA does not propose the mandate of on-board systems to alert the crew of potential contamination of the wing. Within the NPA it is proposed instead to continue and reinforce safety promotion actions to raise awareness of the community on this issue. Comments on the NPA are due by October 25, 2022.

 October 31, 2022
Europe: Reduced Fuel Loads

The European Union Aviation Safety Agency has published rules that permit operators to reduce the amount of contingency fuel carried, thereby reducing the CO2 emissions and the overall environmental impact of the flight. While the rules recognize that extra fuel needs to be carried to account for unexpected situations that delay or prevent landing at the originally flight planned airport, EASA says that “The amount of additional fuel required can be optimized, while continuing to ensure high safety levels, due to improved risk assessment, calculations based on better data, and better decision making.” The new requirements are scheduled to go into effect on Oct. 31, 2022.

 November 13, 2022
Australia: Airport Certification

Revised Australian airport certification regulations (CASR Part 139) and an accompanying revised manual of standards (MOS) went into effect on Aug. 13, 2020. Under a transition period, operators of certified airports have until Nov. 13, 2022, to comply with the requirements and MOS publications, including developing an airport operations manual.

 December 2, 2022 and December 2, 2024
Europe: Part 145 Safety Management Systems

Starting on Dec. 2, 2022 EASA Part 145 maintenance organizations are required to meet revised regulations that were published in November 2021. However, there is a two-year transition period, to Dec. 2, 2024, to allow maintenance organizations to correct any findings of non-compliance with the new Part-145 requirements. The main change introduced in the regulation is the required implementation of a safety management system. SMS requires maintenance organizations to implement hazard identification, risk management and safety assurance processes, and the designation of a safety manager. To support the safety management system processes, several organization requirements have been changed including the safety policy, internal occurrence reporting, competence of staff, and compliance monitoring (replacing quality assurance).

 December 12, 2022
Canada: Duty/Rest Regulations

Revisions to duty time and rest regulations for Canadian-registered commuter and air taxi operators of turbine and non-turbine aircraft (CAR Parts 704 and 703) go into effect on Dec. 12, 2022. Transport Canada said the changes include: prescribed flight and duty time limits that respect modern scientific research and international standards to limit the amount of time a crewmember can be on the job; and fatigue risk-management systems that will require operators to demonstrate that any variance to the prescribed flight and duty time limits will not adversely affect the level of flight crew fatigue or alertness.

 December 31, 2022
New Zealand: ADS-B Out Mandate

Covid-19 pandemic implications have prompted New Zealand to extend its ADS-B Out compliance date for one year from the previous deadline of Dec. 31, 2021. The ADS-B provisions, already mandatory for aircraft flying above 24,500 feet, will apply in the rest of New Zealand’s controlled airspace by Dec. 31, 2022. Financial support to help aircraft owners equip with ADS-B avionics is available on a first-come, first-served basis, with up to $2,500 for ADS-B Out and an additional $500 for ADS-B in.

 December 31, 2022
Mexico: CVRs and FDRs

Cockpit voice and flight data equipment requirements for commercial turbine aircraft operations (including air taxis) that were adopted in 2011 by Mexico’s aviation authority will become effective and go into force incrementally from Dec. 31, 2020, through Dec. 31, 2022, based on the number of aircraft in an operators fleet. Generally, the rules apply to turbine airplanes with 10 or more passenger seats and large turbine helicopters flying in Mexico airspace under an international air operator certificate.

 January 1, 2023
U.S.: Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's CO2 aircraft emissions standards apply to new design applications made on or after Jan. 1, 2023 for jets with a mtow of 133,000 pounds or less and have 19 or fewer passenger seats. The standards also apply to new deliveries of in-production large jets starting Jan. 1, 2028. Jets with mtow under 12,566 pounds, turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, and piston-engine airplanes are exempt.

Within 12 Months

 April 10, 2023
U.S.: Final Phase of Northeast Route Update

The FAA has postponed the implementation date for the final phase of its multi-year Northeast Corridor Atlantic Coast Routes (ACR) project from the previously scheduled Nov. 3, 2022 to April 20, 2023. The FAA said the push back is to avoid making numerous route changes during the busy summer and winter peaks. The main change of the ACR project is that 150 new or modified routes using performance-based navigation (PBN) procedures are replacing the existing high-altitude route structure. PBN decreases reliance on ground-based navaids.

 May 31, 2023
Europe: Passenger Entry Requirements

The European Commission has delayed the onset of new passenger reporting requirements that were previously scheduled to start on Sept. 30, 2022. EES (Entry/Exit System), designed to replace the current system of manual stamping of passports with an electronic record, is now scheduled to start a transitional phase in May 2023. Manual stamping of passports will end in mid-August 2023, and the transitional phase will end in February 2024. ETIAS (European Travel Information and Authorization System) is an online pre-travel, and pre-boarding requirement applying to visa-exempt third-country nationals planning to travel to European states. It is expected to be implemented in November 2023.

 June 1, 2023
Africa: ADS-B Mandate

ADS-B will go fully operational on a voluntary basis for one year starting on May 19, 2022 across all six of the flight information regions (FIRs) controlled by the Agency for Aerial Navigation Safety in Africa and Madagascar (ASECNA). Ops Group reports that ADS-B use will become mandatory in these FIRs starting June 1, 2023. Based in Dakar, Senegal, ASECNA has published separate notams for each of the FIRs, that together cover 16.2 million square miles of airspace, but all contain essentially the same information.

 June 2, 2023
U.S.: Aircraft Fueling

The National Fire Prevention Association (NFPA) is granting a 24-month extension to the compliance deadline of its standards that call for airport fueling vehicle loading racks to be equipped with automatic shutoff devices that are compatible with fueling trucks. This extension to June 2, 2023, applies only to airports that adopted the 2022 revision of NFPA 407. The original compliance date of June 2, 2021, still applies for airports operating under the 2017 revision. The National Air Transportation Association (NATA) is working with the FAA as to how the extension will affect current enforcement policy at Part 139 certificated airports.

 June 7, 2023
Europe: ADS-B out Mandate

The ADS-B Out requirement in Europe is Dec. 7, 2020, for aircraft receiving their certificate of airworthiness (C of A) on or after December 7. Aircraft that obtained their C of A between June 6, 1995, and Dec. 7, 2020, must arrange for retrofits to meet the ADS-B Out mandate by June 7, 2023. Both deadlines apply only to aircraft with an mtow exceeding 5,700 kg (12,566 pounds) or having a maximum cruising true airspeed capability greater than 250 knots. Aircraft with a C of A dated before June 6, 1995 are exempt from European ADS-B requirements.

 June 12, 2023 and September 9, 2024
U.S.: Pilot Records Database

By June 12, 2023, operators under Parts 91, 91K, and 135 must complete submissions of reports to the pilot records database (PRD) of all historical records concerning training, alcohol testing, qualification, proficiency, and disciplinary actions dating on or after Jan. 1, 2015. Final compliance date for reporting historical records that date before Jan. 1, 2015, is Sept. 9, 2024. Also beginning on Sept. 9, 2024, the Pilot Records Improvement Act ceases to be effective and will not be an available alternative to PRD for operators, entities, or trustees to which these regulations apply.

 September 21, 2022 and August 1, 2023
U.S.: Maintenance Schools

As part of an interim final rule overhauling aviation maintenance technician schools regulations (Parts 65 and 147), the FAA is transitioning from using the mechanic practical test standards (PTS) as the testing standard to obtaining a mechanic certificate. As a part of this transition, the FAA developed the mechanic airman certification standards (ACS), which adds task-specific knowledge and risk management elements, “resulting in a comprehensive presentation that integrates the standards for what an applicant must demonstrate to pass the written, oral, and practical tests for a certificate or rating,” said the agency. To allow for each school to train its students under the curriculum aligned with the ACS, the FAA will use the PTS as the testing standard until July 31, 2023. Starting Aug. 1, 2023, the FAA will use the ACS to conduct mechanic certification tests. With the exception of the PTS to ACS transition period, this rule is effective on September 21, 2022. 

 August 1, 2023
U.S.: Mechanic Certification Tests

The FAA is transitioning from using the mechanic practical test standards (PTS) as the testing standard to obtaining a mechanic certificate. As a part of this transition, the FAA has developed mechanic airman certification standards (ACS), which add task-specific knowledge and risk management elements, resulting in a comprehensive presentation that integrates the standards for what an applicant must demonstrate to pass the written, oral, and practical tests for a certificate or rating said the agency. To allow time for each school to train its students under the curriculum aligned with the ACS, the FAA will use the PTS as the testing standard until July 31, 2023. Starting Aug. 1, 2023, the FAA will use the ACS to conduct mechanic certification tests.

 August 10, 2023 and May 16, 2024
Canada: ADS-B Out Mandate

Due to continued supply chain impacts stemming from the Covid pandemic, the previously announced implementation dates for ADS-B Out in Canada is delayed beyond the original date of Feb. 23, 2023. As a result, the mandate will come into effect as follows: Class A Canadian airspace on Aug. 10, 2023; Class B Canadian airspace on May 16, 2024; and Class C, D, and E airspace to occur no sooner than 2026. The new dates have been developed from stakeholder feedback regarding supply chain limitations and backlogs to acquire and install the appropriate equipment.

Beyond 12 Months

 December 16, 2023
U.S.: Remote ID of Unmanned Aircraft

Previously, new FAR Part 89 had required that after Sept. 16, 2022, no unmanned aircraft system (UAS) can be produced without FAA-approved remote identification capability. But that date was pushed to Dec. 16, 2022, because the agency acknowledges that not all UAS manufacturers have had sufficient time to adequately design, develop, test their aircraft, and file a declaration of compliance or before September 16, 2022.

 August 10, 2023 and May 16, 2024
Canada: ADS-B Out Mandate

Due to continued supply chain impacts stemming from the Covid pandemic, the previously announced implementation dates for ADS-B Out in Canada is delayed beyond the original date of Feb. 23, 2023. As a result, the mandate will come into effect as follows: Class A Canadian airspace on Aug. 10, 2023; Class B Canadian airspace on May 16, 2024; and Class C, D, and E airspace to occur no sooner than 2026. The new dates have been developed from stakeholder feedback regarding supply chain limitations and backlogs to acquire and install the appropriate equipment.

 June 12, 2023 and September 9, 2024
U.S.: Pilot Records Database

By June 12, 2023, operators under Parts 91, 91K, and 135 must complete submissions of reports to the pilot records database (PRD) of all historical records concerning training, alcohol testing, qualification, proficiency, and disciplinary actions dating on or after Jan. 1, 2015. Final compliance date for reporting historical records that date before Jan. 1, 2015, is Sept. 9, 2024. Also beginning on Sept. 9, 2024, the Pilot Records Improvement Act ceases to be effective and will not be an available alternative to PRD for operators, entities, or trustees to which these regulations apply.

 December 2, 2022 and December 2, 2024
Europe: Part 145 Safety Management Systems

Starting on Dec. 2, 2022 EASA Part 145 maintenance organizations are required to meet revised regulations that were published in November 2021. However, there is a two-year transition period, to Dec. 2, 2024, to allow maintenance organizations to correct any findings of non-compliance with the new Part-145 requirements. The main change introduced in the regulation is the required implementation of a safety management system. SMS requires maintenance organizations to implement hazard identification, risk management and safety assurance processes, and the designation of a safety manager. To support the safety management system processes, several organization requirements have been changed including the safety policy, internal occurrence reporting, competence of staff, and compliance monitoring (replacing quality assurance).